It all started with the movie "The Midnight Sky" directed by George Clooney. The moment I saw the interior of the space station, I was amazed. At first, I thought it must be AI to create such perfectly organized structures, but I got quite curious and started searching over the internet. It is mathematics, not AI. And more precisely - topology optimization.
Jim Bissel /production design/ explains how topology optimization inspired the design of the space stations and the fabrics of pretty much everything that is built.
You can simply google "topology optimization" and a lot of info shows up.
Anyway, I highly recommend this YouTube video by Wesley Kagan where he explains the basics and history of this technology very well.